Sonntag, 4. März 2018
The Burgher-Civic World
Heiner Rindermann, Cognitive Capitalism, 2018:
'Burgher', 'middle class', 'bourgeois', 'civic' or 'civil' attributes, the terms can be used interchangeably, comprise at their core certain lifestyles, personality traits, forms of society and worldviews:
(o) Appreciation, education and use of thinking, knowledge and rationality (practical use of thinking for problem-solving, planning and calculation, only marginally for free reflection).
(o) Diligence (achievement motivation and behavior).
(o) Order (predictability; reliability; fair-mindedness; emotional regulation, temperance, couth and moderateness, discipline and self-discipline; long-term marriage and familial stability; rule of law in politics).
(o) Meritoric orientations (acknowledgement of and gratification derived from accomplishment; merit-based criteria used in the distribution of jobs, income and reputation; use of achievement measurement).
(o) Beneficial, efficient, thrifty use of resources (in terms of time, raw materials and people).
(o) Rule of law (law-abiding by individuals and institutions; human rights and property rights; related to order at the individual level).
(o) Functional government (effective government and administration orientated towards pragmatism and legal and ethical norms).
(o) Balanced autonomy and freedom (self-responsibility in terms of the individual, family, economy and society, which must sustain themselves, balanced between the individual, family and society).
(o) Realism and pragmatism (realistic orientation in the world and in life; no extremism in thinking and life; common sense, adaptability, functionality, compromise, prudence, foresight).
(o) Burgher worldviews ('Weltanschauung' or orientations that contain the aforementioned attributes as norms and descriptions; rationality, liberty, equality, moderateness, functionality, efficiency, order, meritocracy, responsibility, autonomy).
... Why is the burgher-civic world important for understanding cognitive capitalism, economic development and the development of wealth differences? Because it represents and shapes the orientations, norms, competences and behavior patterns essentially important for creating the peoples, institutions, norms and customs relevant for the modern economy. Without the appreciation, education and use of thinking, knowledge and rationality, without diligence, order, meritoric orientations, the beneficial-efficient-thrifty use of resources, the rule of law, a functional government, autonomy and freedom, realism and pragmatism, and without all of them reinforcing and stabilising burgher worldviews, there is no durable modern society and economy and no self-produced wealth.