Cognitive Abilities of Emirati and German Engineering University Students
H. Rindermann, A. E. E. Baumeister, and A. Gröper (March 2014)
Journal of Biosocial Science
According to human capital theory, individual competences and personality attributes are relevant for individual productivity and income. Within human capital, intelligence is crucial. To study engineering and work successfully as an engineer, high cognitive abilities are necessary, especially for work in research and development. In a study of 30 German and 30 Emirati engineering students (mean age: 22 years), both groups were tested with mathematical and figural intelligence scales (CogAT). German engineering students achieved a mean IQ of 116, and Emirati students 104 (in converted UK norms). In both groups male students achieved better results than females (2 to 4 IQ point difference). The results are compared with those from PISA and TIMSS. The possible causes of these results, their consequences and strategies for improvement are discussed.
[I always thought the IQ-scores of German engineering students are higher (around 125). It would be interesting to know the scores of a bigger sample.]
Performance on Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices by African, East Indian, and White engineering students in South Africa; J. P. Rushton et al. (2003)