Freitag, 6. März 2015

Individual differences in accurately judging personality from text

Individual differences in accurately judging personality from text
Judith A. Hall, Jin X. Goh, Marianne Schmid Mast, and Christian Hagedorn (2015)


Objective: To examine correlates of accuracy in judging Big Five traits from first-person text excerpts.
Method: Participants in six studies were recruited from psychology courses or online. In each study, participants performed a task of judging personality from text and performed other ability tasks and/or filled out questionnaires.
Results: Participants who were more accurate in judging personality from text were more likely to be female; had personalities that were more agreeable, conscientious, and feminine, and less neurotic and dominant (all controlling for participant gender); scored higher on empathic concern; self-reported more interest in, and attentiveness to, people's personalities in their daily lives; and reported reading more for pleasure, especially fiction. Accuracy was not associated with SAT scores but had a significant relation to vocabulary knowledge. Accuracy did not correlate with tests of judging personality and emotion based on audiovisual cues.
Conclusions: This research is the first to address individual differences in accurate judgment of personality from text, thus adding to the meager literature on correlates of the good judge of personality.

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