Samstag, 14. Juli 2018

Raymond B. Cattell: Bequeathing a Dual Inheritance to Life History Theory

Raymond B. Cattell: Bequeathing a Dual Inheritance to Life History Theory
Steven C. Hertler, Mateo Peñaherrera-Aguirre, Heitor B. F. Fernandes, Michael A. Woodley of Menie


Abstract

Raymond Cattell distinguished crystallized intelligence, akin to stored knowledge, from fluid intelligence, akin to raw reasoning abilities. Likewise, he delineated personality into component parts. Though intelligence and personality each qualify as subdisciplines within psychology, both are subsumed, along with other traits, under the meta-theory of life history evolution. The relationship is profound, though not straightforward. As described in this chapter, both intelligence and personality vary along a life history continuum, such that, as life history slows, population mean intelligence increases, as do personality traits like risk aversion, conscientiousness, anxiety, and agreeableness. Nevertheless, this effect occurs on average, and there is strategic variation occurring, which obscures the relationship between population-mean intelligence, personality, and life history. Once understood, these relationships color and clarify Cattell’s life’s work.

Keine Kommentare:

Kommentar posten