The present research is concerned with the relation between accuracy in judging targets' affective states and accuracy in judging the same targets' personality traits. In two studies, we test the link between these two types of accuracy with the prediction that accuracy of judging traits and of judging states will be associated when fundamental affective qualities are shared.
In Study 1, affective states and personality traits of 29 targets were rated by 124 judges whose individual accuracy was scored as the correlation between their ratings and target criterion scores (across targets). In Study, a comparable analysis was done using 30 different targets and 330 different judges.
Accuracy in judging distressed affect was significantly positively correlated with accuracy in judging neuroticism in both studies, as well as in a meta-analysis across the two studies. Accuracy in judging positive affect was significantly positively correlated with accuracy in judging extraversion in one of the two studies, with the meta-analysis across the two studies being significant.
These findings provide preliminary evidence for a new model (State and Trait Accuracy Model; STAM) which outlines when concordance in accuracy across traits and states should be expected. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.